- 490 BC – Battle of Marathon: The conventionally accepted date for the Battle of Marathon. The Athenians and their Plataean allies, defeat the first Persian invasion force of Greece.
- 372 – Sixteen Kingdoms: Jin Xiaowudi, age 10, succeeds his father Jin Jianwendi as Emperor of the Eastern Jin Dynasty.
- 1213 – Albigensian Crusade: Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, defeats Peter II of Aragon at the Battle of Muret.
- 1229 – The Aragonese army under the command of James I of Aragon disembarks at Santa Ponça, Majorca, with the purpose of conquering the island.
- 1309 – The First Siege of Gibraltar takes place in the context of the Spanish Reconquista pitting the forces of the Kingdom of Castile against the Emirate of Granada resulting in a Castilian victory.
- 1609 – Henry Hudson begins his exploration of the Hudson River while aboard the Halve Maen.
- 1683 – Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna – several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire.
- 1814 – Battle of North Point: an American detachment halts the British land advance to Baltimore in the War of 1812.
- 1846 – Elizabeth Barrett elopes with Robert Browning.
- 1847 – Mexican–American War: the Battle of Chapultepec begins.
- 1848 – Switzerland becomes a Federal state.
- 1857 – The SS Central America sinks about 160 miles east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, drowning a total of 426 passengers and crew, including Captain William Lewis Herndon. The ship was carrying 13–15 tons of gold from the San Francisco Gold Rush.
- 1874 – The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded.
- 1885 – Arbroath 36–0 Bon Accord, a world record scoreline in professional Association football.
- 1890 – Salisbury, Rhodesia, is founded.
- 1897 – Tirah Campaign: Battle of Saragarhi.
- 1906 – The Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar.
- 1910 – Premiere performance of Gustav Mahler‘s Symphony No. 8 in Munich (with a chorus of 852 singers and an orchestra of 171 players. Mahler‘s rehearsal assistant conductor was Bruno Walter)
- 1919 – Adolf Hitler joins the German Workers Party.
- 1930 – In cricket Wilfred Rhodes ends his 1110-game first-class career by taking 5 for 95 for H.D.G. Leveson Gower’s XI against the Australians.
- 1933 – Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction.
- 1938 – Adolf Hitler demands autonomy and self-determination for the Germans of the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.
- 1940 – Cave paintings are discovered in Lascaux, France.
- 1940 – An explosion at the Hercules Powder Company plant in Kenvil, New Jersey kills 51 people and injures over 200.
- 1942 – World War II: RMS Laconia, carrying civilians, Allied soldiers and Italian POWs is torpedoed off the coast of West Africa and sinks with a heavy loss of life.
- 1942 – World War II: First day of the Battle of Edson’s Ridge during the Guadalcanal campaign. U.S. Marines protecting Henderson Field on Guadalcanal are attacked by Imperial Japanese Army forces.
- 1943 – World War II: Benito Mussolini, dictator of Italy, is rescued from house arrest on the Gran Sasso in Abruzzi, by German commando forces led by Otto Skorzeny.
- 1944 – World War II: The liberation of Serbia from Nazi Germany continues. Bajina Bašta in western Serbia is among those liberated cities. Near Trier, American troops enter Germany for the first time.
- 1948 – Invasion of the State of Hyderabad by the Indian Army on the day after the Pakistani leader Jinnah‘s death.
- 1952 – Strange occurrences, including a monster sighting, take place in Flatwoods, West Virginia.
- 1953 – U.S. Representative John Fitzgerald Kennedy marries Jacqueline Lee Bouvier at St. Mary’s Church in Newport, Rhode Island.
- 1958 – Jack Kilby demonstrates the first integrated circuit.
- 1959 – Premiere of Bonanza, the first regularly scheduled TV program presented in color.
- 1959 – The Soviet Union launches a large rocket, Lunik II, at the moon.
- 1961 – The African and Malagasy Union is founded.
- 1964 – Canyonlands National Park is designated as a National Park.
- 1966 – Gemini 11, the penultimate mission of NASA’s Gemini program, and the current human altitude record holder (except for the Apollo lunar missions)
- 1970 – Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman.
- 1974 – Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia, ‘Messiah‘ of the Rastafari movement, is deposed following a military coup by the Derg, ending a reign of 58 years.
- 1974 – Juventude Africana Amilcar Cabral is founded in Guinea-Bissau.
- 1977 – South African anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko is killed in police custody.
- 1979 – Indonesia is hit with an earthquake that measures 8.1 on the Richter scale.
- 1980 – Military coup in Turkey.
- 1983 – A Wells Fargo depot in West Hartford, Connecticut, United States, is robbed of approximately US$7 million by Los Macheteros.
- 1983 – The USSR vetoes a UN Security Council Resolution deploring the Soviet shooting down of a Korean civilian jetliner on September 1.
- 1984 – Dwight Gooden sets the baseball record for strikeouts in a season by a rookie with 246, previously set by Herb Score in 1954. Gooden’s 276 strikeouts that season, pitched in 218 innings, set the current record.
- 1988 – Hurricane Gilbert devastates Jamaica; it turns towards Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula 2 days later, causing an estimated $5 billion in damage.
- 1990 – The two German states and the Four Powers sign the Treaty on the Final Settlement With Respect to Germany in Moscow, paving the way for German re-unification.
- 1992 – NASA launches Space Shuttle Endeavour on STS-47 which marked the 50th shuttle mission. On board are Mae Carol Jemison, the first African-American woman in space, Mamoru Mohri, the first Japanese citizen to fly in a US spaceship, and Mark Lee and Jan Davis, the first married couple in space.
- 1992 – Abimael Guzmán, leader of the Shining Path, is captured by Peruvian special forces; shortly thereafter the rest of Shining Path‘s leadership fell as well.
- 1994 – Frank Eugene Corder crashes a single-engine Cessna 150 into the White House‘s south lawn, striking the West wing and killing himself.
- 1999 – Indonesia announces it will allow international peace-keepers into East Timor.
- 2001 – Ansett Australia, Australia’s first commercial interstate airline, collapses due to increased strain on the international airline industry, leaving 10,000 people unemployed.
- 2003 – The United Nations lifts sanctions against Libya after that country agreed to accept responsibility and recompense the families of victims in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.
- 2003 – In Fallujah, US forces mistakenly shoot and kill eight Iraqi police officers.
- 2005 – Hong Kong Disneyland opens in Penny’s Bay, Lantau Island, Hong Kong.
- 2007 – Former Philippine President Joseph Estrada is convicted of the crime of plunder.
- 2008 – The 2008 Chatsworth train collision in Los Angeles between a Metrolink commuter train and a Union Pacific freight train kills 25 people.
- 2011 – The 9/11 Memorial Museum opens to the public.
On September 11, 2001, 19 men hijack four fuel-loaded commercial airlines bound for west coast destinations. This terrorist attack on the United States is orchestrated by al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden. A total of 2,977 people are killed in New York City, Washington, DC and outside of Shanksville, Pennsylvania, in the worst terrorist attack in U.S. history.
At the World Trade Center site in Lower Manhattan, 2,753 people are killed when hijacked American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175 are intentionally crashed in the north and south towers.
Of those who perish during the initial attacks and the subsequent collapses of the towers, 343 are New York City firefighters, another 23 are New York City police officers and 37 others are officers at the Port Authority.
The victims range in age from two to 85 years. Approximately 75-80 percent of the victims were men.
At the Pentagon in Washington, 184 people are killed when hijacked American Airlines Flight 77 crashes into the building.
Near Shanksville, Pennsylvania, 40 passengers and crew members aboard United Airlines Flight 93 die when the plane crashes into a field. It is believed that the hijackers crashed the plane in that location, rather than their unknown target, after the passengers and crew attempted to retake control of the flight deck.
September 11, 2001
– 8:46am ET – American Airlines Flight 11 (traveling from Boston to Los Angeles) strikes the north tower of the World Trade Center in New York City.
– 9:03am ET – United Airlines Flight 175 (traveling from Boston to Los Angeles) strikes the south tower of the World Trade Center in New York City.
– 9:37am ET – American Airlines Flight 77 (traveling from Dulles, Virginia to Los Angeles) strikes the Pentagon Building in Washington.
– 9:59am ET – South tower of WTC collapses in approximately 10 seconds.
– 10:03am ET – United Airlines Flight 93 (traveling from Newark, New Jersey to San Francisco) crashes in a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania.
– 10:28am ET – North tower of WTC collapses. The time between the first attack and the collapse of both World Trade Center towers is 102 minutes.
December 13, 2001 – The U.S. government releases a tape in which Osama bin Laden takes responsibility for the attacks.
December 18, 2001 – Congress approves a measure to allow the president to designate September 11th as “Patriot Day” on each anniversary of the attacks.
January 23, 2004 – The New York City Medical Examiners Office has issued 2,749 death certificates, the first time since the attacks that the number of death certificates has matched the number of victims.
June 15, 2004 – The Victims Compensation Fund finishes its work processing death and injury claims from families and relatives of Sept. 11 victims. Families of those killed had until December 22, 2003 to apply for compensation. Families who agreed to get compensation from the federal fund agreed not to sue the airlines.
February 22, 2005 – Saying it has exhausted all DNA technology, the New York City Medical Examiner Office halts the process of identifying human remains from the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks at the World Trade Center site. Of the 2,749 people known to have been killed at the World Trade Center site, only 1,585, or 58 percent, are identified by recovered physical remains.
April 2, 2007 – The remains of two more victims of 9/11 at the World Trade Center are positively identified. Of the 2,749 known deaths in the attacks in New York, 1,146 victims have yet to be linked to remains.
May 24, 2007 – The Chief Medical Examiner of New York City, Dr. Charles S. Hirsch, rules that the death of Felicia Dunn-Jones in 2002, from dust exposure, is directly linked to the 9/11 attack and therefore a homicide. This raises the 9/11 death toll to 2,750.
July 19, 2007 – The New York Medical Examiner’s office announces that the remains of three more people are positively identified. 1,133 victims, 41 percent of the total, remain unidentified.
April 7, 2008 – The New York City Medical Examiner’s Office announces that the remains of four more victims from the WTC have been identified. As of this date, 1,621 victims have been identified, leaving 1,129 unidentified.
January 2009 – The medical examiner’s office rules that Leon Heyward, who died the previous year of lymphoma and lung disease, is a homicide victim because he was caught in the toxic dust cloud just after the towers collapsed. This brings the total number of 9/11 victim death toll to 2,752.
June 17, 2011 – The New York medical examiner rules that Jerry Borg’s death on December 15, 2010 is a result of inhaling toxic substances from the dust cloud generated by the collapsing twin towers. This brings the number of victims at the World Trade Center site to 2,753 and the overall 9/11 victim death toll to 2,977.
August 23, 2011 – The New York City Medical Examiner’s office announces that remains from the World Trade Center have been positively identified as 40-year-old Ernest James. As of this date, 1,632 victims have been identified, leaving as many as 1,121 unidentified.
February 10, 2012 – The New York City Chief Medical Examiner’s office announces that remains from the World Trade Center have been positively identified as 42-year-old Karol Ann Keasler. As of this date, 1,633 victims have been identified, leaving as many as 1,120 unidentified.
July 5, 2013 – Remains are identified as firefighter Lt. Jeffrey P. Waltz, who was last seen in the north tower of the WTC.
Victim Compensation Fund:
Operates from December 2001 to 2003.
The Victim Compensation Fund receives 7,408 applications for both death claims and personal injury claims.
The fund makes awards in 5,560 of those cases.
January 2, 2011 – President Obama signs James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act of 2010, reopening and expanding the scope of the VCF.
$500,000 – Estimated amount of money it cost to plan and execute the 9/11 attacks.
$123 billion – Estimated economic loss during the first 2-4 weeks after the World Trade Center towers collapsed in New York City, as well as decline in airline travel over next few years
$60 billion – Estimated cost of the WTC site damage, including damage to surrounding buildings, infrastructure and subway facilities.
$40 billion – Value of the emergency anti-terrorism package approved by the U.S. Congress on September 14, 2001.
$15 billion – Aid package passed by Congress to bail out the airlines.
$9.3 billion – Insurance claims arising from the 9/11 attacks.
It took 3.1 million hours of labor to clean up 1.8 million tons of debris.
The total cost of cleanup was $750 million.
The Department of Homeland Security is created in response to September 11.
It merges 22 governmental agencies into one, including the Customs Service, the Immigration and Naturalization Service, the U.S. Coast Guard and the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
The Dept. of Homeland Security places 130 U.S. inspectors at ports in major European, Asian and Muslim nations, as well as strategically-located ports, to inspect cargo for nuclear, chemical or biological weapons being smuggled into the U.S.
The Homeland Security Advisory System is introduced on March 12, 2002.
The nationwide alert status has been raised from its current level of yellow (elevated) to orange (high) on five occasions. It has never been below yellow. New York City has remained at orange (high) since 9/11. In August 2006, the threat level for flights from the United Kingdom to the U.S. is raised to red, the first time that threat level has been used.
On April 26, 2011, the National Terrorism Advisory System (NTAS) replaces the color-coded Homeland Security Advisory System (HSAS). NTAS utilizes a vocabulary system including terms Elevated and Imminent.
A few things that happened on today’s date:
1901 – U.S. President William McKinley died of gunshot wounds inflicted by an
assassin. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt, at age 42, succeeded him.
1972 – “The Waltons” premiered on CBS-TV.
1978 – “Mork & Mindy” premiered on ABC-TV.
1981 Entertainment Tonight debuts.
2001 – The FBI released the names of the 19 suspected hijackers that had taken
part in the September 11 terror attacks on the U.S.