The Missouri River is 2,466 miles long and the Mississippi River is 2,348 miles. Why is the Mississippi called our longest river? The Missouri is not continuous. More correctly, the Mississippi should be referred to as the longest continuous river.
- 1099 – First Crusade: Christian soldiers take the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem after the final assault of a difficult siege.
- 1149 – The reconstructed Church of the Holy Sepulchre is consecrated in Jerusalem.
- 1207 – King John of England expels Canterbury monks for supporting Archbishop Stephen Langton.
- 1240 – Swedish–Novgorodian Wars: a Novgorodian army led by Alexander Nevsky defeats the Swedes in the Battle of the Neva.
- 1381 – John Ball, a leader in the Peasants’ Revolt, is hanged, drawn and quartered in the presence of King Richard II of England.
- 1410 – Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War: Battle of Grunwald – the allied forces of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeat the army of the Teutonic Order.
- 1482 – Muhammad XII is crowned the twenty-second and last Nasrid king of Granada.
- 1685 – Monmouth Rebellion: James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth is executed at Tower Hill, England after his defeat at the Battle of Sedgemoor on 6 July 1685.
- 1741 – Aleksei Chirikov sights land in Southeast Alaska. He sends men ashore in a longboat, making them the first Europeans to visit Alaska.
- 1789 – Gilbert du Motier, marquis de Lafayette, is named by acclamation Colonel General of the new National Guard of Paris.
- 1799 – The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon‘s Egyptian Campaign.
- 1806 – Pike expedition: United States Army Lieutenant Zebulon Pike begins an expedition from Fort Bellefontaine near St. Louis, Missouri, to explore the west.
- 1815 – Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon Bonaparte surrenders aboard HMS Bellerophon.
- 1823 – A fire destroys the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome, Italy.
- 1838 – Ralph Waldo Emerson delivers the Divinity School Address at Harvard Divinity School, discounting Biblical miracles and declaring Jesus a great man, but not God. The Protestant community reacts with outrage.
- 1870 – Reconstruction Era of the United States: Georgia becomes the last of the former Confederate states to be readmitted to the Union.
- 1870 – Rupert’s Land and the North-Western Territory are transferred to Canada from the Hudson’s Bay Company, and the province of Manitoba and the Northwest Territories are established from these vast territories.
- 1888 – The stratovolcano Mount Bandai erupts killing approximately 500 people, in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan.
- 1910 – In his book Clinical Psychiatry, Emil Kraepelin gives a name to Alzheimer’s disease, naming it after his colleague Alois Alzheimer.
- 1916 – In Seattle, Washington, William Boeing and George Conrad Westervelt incorporate Pacific Aero Products (later renamed Boeing).
- 1918 – World War I: the Second Battle of the Marne begins near the River Marne with a German attack.
- 1920 – The Polish Parliament establishes Silesian Voivodeship before the Polish-German plebiscite.
- 1927 – Massacre of July 15, 1927: 89 protesters are killed by the Austrian police in Vienna.
- 1954 – First flight of the Boeing 367-80, prototype for both the Boeing 707 and C-135 series.
- 1955 – Eighteen Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by thirty-four others.
- 1959 – The steel strike of 1959 begins, leading to significant importation of foreign steel for the first time in United States history.
- 1966 – Vietnam War: The United States and South Vietnam begin Operation Hastings to push the North Vietnamese out of the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone.
- 1974 – In Nicosia, Cyprus, Greek Junta-sponsored nationalists launch a coup d’état, deposing President Makarios and installing Nikos Sampson as Cypriot president.
- 1975 – Space Race: Apollo–Soyuz Test Project features the dual launch of an Apollo spacecraft and a Soyuz spacecraft on the first joint Soviet-United States human-crewed flight. It was both the last launch of an Apollo spacecraft, and the Saturn family of rockets.
- 1979 – U.S. President Jimmy Carter gives his so-called malaise speech, where he characterizes the greatest threat to the country as “this crisis in the growing doubt about the meaning of our own lives and in the loss of a unity of purpose for our nation” but in which he never uses the word malaise.
- 1980 – A massive storm tears through western Wisconsin, causing US$160 million in damage.
- 1983 – A terrorist attack is launched by Armenian militant organisation ASALA at the Paris-Orly Airport in Paris; it leaves 8 people dead and 55 injured.
- 1983 – The Nintendo Entertainment System, the best-selling game console of its time, is released in Japan.
- 1996 – A Belgian Air Force C-130 Hercules carrying the Royal Netherlands Army marching band crashes on landing at Eindhoven Airport.
- 1997 – In Miami, Florida, serial killer Andrew Cunanan guns down Gianni Versace outside his home.
- 2002 – “American Taliban” John Walker Lindh pleads guilty to supplying aid to the enemy and to possession of explosives during the commission of a felony.
- 2002 – Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan hands down the death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three others suspected of murdering The Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.
- 2003 – AOL Time Warner disbands Netscape. The Mozilla Foundation is established on the same day
Feast Day of the Chair of Peter a liturgical expression of the belief in the episcopacy and hierarchy of the Catholic Church.
1990 Milli Vinilli The duo wins the Best New Artist Grammy for their album Girl You Know It’s True. The Grammy was later revoked when it was discovered that they didn’t perform on the album.
1989 First Grammy Award for Rap D.J. Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince (Jeff Townes and Will Smith) win for Parents Just Don’t Understand.
1983 U.S. announces that it will buy out property owners in dioxin-tainted Times Beach, Missouri
1980 Miracle on Ice: In Lake Placid, New York, the United States hockey team defeats the Soviet Union hockey team 4-3.
1943 USS Iowa The battleship is commissioned. In 1943 it became the only U.S. Navy ship with a bathtub; which was installed to accommodate Pres. Roosevelt who would have had difficultly using a shower.
1928 Ku Klux Klan announces they are shedding their masks and changing their name to Knights of the Green Forest.
1879 Frank W. Woolworth opens his first store, in Utica, New York. All the merchandise was priced at 5¢. It failed almost immediately, so he found a new location and tried again.
1856 First national meeting of the Republican Party is held in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
1819 Florida Purchase Treaty signed, the U.S. acquires Florida from Spain.
1630 Popcorn The settlers get their first taste of the treat, a gift from the Indian Quadequina.
2013 A meteor crashing in Russia’s Ural mountains injured at least 950 people, as a shock wave blew out windows and rocked buildings.
2003 Iraq War Millions of people in 800 cities around the world protest the upcoming war. This was listed in Guinness Book of Records as the world’s largest protest.
1993 First woman to pitch in an NCAA or NCIA college baseball game Freshman Ila Borders pitches the entire game for Southern California College in their 12-1 victory over Claremont-Mudd.
1965 Canada’s new red and white Maple Leaf Flag is officially raised.
1946 Computers ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer), the first general-purpose stored program electronic digital computer, is dedicated at the Moore School of Electrical Engineering in Pennsylvania. It could calculate 1,000 times faster than anything previous. It required 18,000 vacuum tubes and 130,000 watts of power.
|1898 Spanish-American War U.S. battleship Maine explodes in the Havana, Cuba harbor killing 260 men. Although the cause of the explosion has never been verified, it was blamed on the Spanish, and with the rallying cry “Remember the Maine, to hell with Spain” and led the U.S. into war.|
1856 First camels imported to the U.S. for commercial purposes American naval officer David Dixon Porter leaves Turkey with a shipload of camels. They were unloaded in Texas the following May. Source: Famous First Facts
1848 Abraham Lincoln on Preemptive War Allow the President to invade a neighboring nation, whenever he shall deem it necessary to repel an invasion, and you allow him to do so, whenever he may choose to say he deems it necessary for such purpose-and you allow him to make war at pleasure. Study to see if you can fix any limit to his power in this respect, after you have given him so much as you propose. If, today, he should choose to say he thinks it necessary to invade Canada, to prevent the British from invading us, how could you stop him? You may say to him, “I see no probability of the British invading us” but he will say to you “be silent; I see it, if you don’t.” The provision of the Constitution giving the war-making power to Congress, was dictated, as I understand it, by the following reasons. Kings had always been involving and impoverishing their people in wars, pretending generally, if not always, that the good of the people was the object. This, our Convention understood to be the most oppressive of all Kingly oppressions; and they resolved to so frame the Constitution that no one man should hold the power of bringing this oppression upon us. (see full letter)
1764 City of St. Louis Missouri is founded.